17 December 2017. 3rd Sunday of Advent

Gaudete Sunday has this joyful Advent message: “Rejoice always .. give thanks .. hold fast to what is good.”

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 1st Reading: Isaiah 61:1-2, 10-11

Our guidance comes from God’s Spirit

The spirit of the Lord God is upon me,
because the Lord has anointed me;
he has sent me to bring good news to the oppressed,
to bind up the brokenhearted,
to proclaim liberty to the captives,
and release to the prisoners;
to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favour,
and the day of vengeance of our God;
to comfort all who mourn.

I will greatly rejoice in the Lord,
my whole being shall exult in my God;
for he has clothed me with the garments of salvation,
he has covered me with the robe of righteousness,
as a bridegroom decks himself with a garland,
and as a bride adorns herself with her jewels.
For as the earth brings forth its shoots,
and as a garden causes what is sown in it to spring up,
so the Lord God will cause righteousness and praise
to spring up before all the nations.

2nd Reading: 1 Thessalonians 5:16-24

The fervent spirit of the early Christians

Rejoice always, pray without ceasing, give thanks in all circumstances; for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus for you. Do not quench the Spirit. Do not despise the words of prophets, but test everything; hold fast to what is good; abstain from every form of evil.

May the God of peace himself sanctify you entirely; and may your spirit and soul and body be kept sound and blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. The one who calls you is faithful, and he will do this.

Gospel: John 1:6-8, 19-28

John’s testimony to Jesus

There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. He came as a witness to testify to the light, so that all might believe through him. He himself was not the light, but he came to testify to the light. This is the testimony given by John when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, “Who are you?” He confessed and did not deny it, but confessed, “I am not the Messiah.” And they asked him, “What then? Are you Elijah?” He said, “I am not.” “Are you the prophet?” He answered, “No.” Then they said to him, “Who are you? Let us have an answer for those who sent us. What do you say about yourself?”

He said, “I am the voice of one crying out in the wilderness, ‘Make straight the way of the Lord,’” as the prophet Isaiah said. Now they had been sent from the Pharisees. They asked him, “Why then are you baptizing if you are neither the Messiah, nor Elijah, nor the prophet?” John answered them, “I baptize with water. Among you stands one whom you do not know, the one who is coming after me; I am not worthy to untie the thong of his sandal.” This took place in Bethany across the Jordan where John was baptizing.


Today’s readings

There is a distinctive note of joy in our readings for the Third Sunday of Advent (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaudete_Sunday). We live at a time when faith is a struggle and it is possible that we access the joy of the Gospel with difficulty. The opposite was the case for the earliest generations of Christmas: joy is richly present in Paul, the Fourth Gospel, Luke-Acts and even in the New Testament Apocalypse. Joy does not mean relentless effervescence or (much worse) denial of reality. On the contrary, happiness in believing is the fruit of a deep, loving reassurance in Christ which liberates us to engage with the world in new and creative ways. We shouldn’t be afraid to be happy believers!  (Kieran O’Mahony)

In a spirit of joyful service

Today’s readings are brimful of joy and hope. Israel radiates as a joyful bride coming to her bridegroom adorned for a lavish, oriental wedding. Paul’s words to the Thessalonians continue the theme of hope and joy in a community that lives by the life of Christ. And St John, in the gospel, pictures the work of John the Baptist, who came to witness to God’s light upon this earth. This is not a joyousness without responsibility. It’s a joy that is found when people find and carry out their true mission in life. Isaiah speaks of one anointed and sent to bring good news to the oppressed – words that were adopted by Jesus to describe his own life’s purpose – just as they should also be made real in the life of every Christian. Those privileged to share in Jesus’ spiritual life must also share in his concerns and desires.

Two key ideas in today’s readings go well together:

1. The spiritual joy that marks the Christian faith, that we are waiting for the coming of the Lord, and our entry into a life of eternal communion with God. The other is the willingness to bear our share of the Christian work-load, to do our bit, in our time, to realise the goals of Jesus in our world. I’d like to hear a homily focussed on one of these, without totally forgetting the other. In these times of economic austerity and budget cuts that are endlessly debated, is no harm to be reminded of the blessings in our lives, our reasons to be joyful. Mention, for example, the love we enjoy with our family and friends, the pleasure of meeting new people, of awakening some dormant talent by taking a course of adult education; the solidarity we feel in our local community when people willingly help their neighbours in their needs; the consolation to be found in prayer. Many examples can be named, to illustrate God’s blessing in our lives: reasons to be joyful. Like the northern Irish writer C.S. Lewis, we too can be “surprised by joy,” and re-discover gladness and meaning in life.

2. Our advent-mission to help the needy, if we are to carry on “the project of Jesus” – the commitment he always showed to people on the margins. Practical examples of his “good news for the poor” can be pointed out, according to the life-situation of the worshippers. Our homilist must try to persuade those whose lives are peaceful and prosperous not to be afraid to let the pain of the needy come through to them and touch them. The sort of carefree joy that lets us shut our eyes to the seamier side of life, and “pass by on the other side,” is not the authentic joy announced in today’s reading. Care for our neglected neighbours may stand in a certain tension with our personal sense of joy, but the two can and should be blended into the lifestyle of anybody who wants to build their life on Jesus.

Finding our personal truth

Children are great with questions. As any parent knows they can ask the most profound questions in the simplest of ways. We all ask questions because, at heart, we have an instinct for seeking and searching after truth. This is a life-long search. We can never get to the point in this life where we can say, ‘I now have the total truth.’ The gospel declares that God is truth — and God is always beyond us. We can never fully grasp God with our minds or our hearts. Yet we have to be faithful to the search for truth, even if along the way we find ourselves making painful discoveries that involve letting go of long-held and cherished convictions. We keep trying to come closer to the truth, the truth about our world, about each other, about ourselves as individuals, and about God. We keep questioning in the hope that our questioning will bring us closer to the truth.

In our search for our own personal truth, two of the big questions that drives us are, ‘Who am I?’ and ‘Why am I doing what I am doing?’ We seek after our identity, in the broadest sense of that term, and we try to clarify for ourselves the ultimate purpose that drives all we do and say. In today’s gospel, those two big questions are put to John the Baptist by the religious authorities, ‘Who are you?’ and ‘Why are you baptizing?’ In answer to the first question, John began by declaring who he was not. He was clear that he was not the Christ, the Messiah. John did not try to be more than he was. Later on in the gospel of John, using an image drawn from a wedding celebration, he would say of himself that he was not the bridegroom, only the friend of the bridegroom who rejoices at the bridegroom’s voice. In this morning’s gospel John declares himself to be the voice crying in the wilderness; he is not the Word, only the voice; he is not the light, only the witness to the light. When John was asked why he was doing what he was doing, why he was baptizing, he declared that he baptized to make known the ‘one who stands among you, unknown to you.’ He did what he was doing to open people’s eyes to the person standing among them, to the Messiah who was in their midst without their realizing it. There was a great light shining among them that many were unaware of, and John had come to bear witness to that light. John did what he did because of who he was. The answer to the question, ‘Why are you baptizing?’ flowed from the answer to the more fundamental question, ‘Who are you?’

‘Who are you?’, is a question we can answer at many different levels. We can simply give our name, or give or parents’ names; we can answer it by giving our professional qualifications, or by naming the role or the position we have in life. Yet, the deepest level, the most fundamental level, at which we can answer that question is the spiritual level. Who am I at that deepest, most spiritual, level of my being? Who am I before God? Who is God calling me to be? Here, John the Baptist, the great Advent saint, can be of help to us. He articulates for us who each one of us is in virtue of our baptism, who God is calling us to be. No more than John the Baptist, we are certainly not the Messiah. We are not the light. We know only too well the areas of darkness in our lives and in our hearts. However, like John the Baptist, we are a witness to the Light. Even though we are all far from perfect, we are, nonetheless, called to be a witness to Christ.

John the Baptist says in today’s gospel, ‘there stands among you, unknown to you, the one who is coming after me.’ The Lord stands among all of us, but he remains unknown to many. Our calling is to make him known, to allow him to shine forth in our world through our lives. John spoke of himself as a voice crying in the wilderness. John used his voice to make known the light. We too are asked to use our voice to make Christ known. It does not mean that we stand in the main street and preach. Rather we use the gift of communication that we have, the gifts of speech and writing, to proclaim the person of Christ, his world view, his values and his attitudes. In what we communicate and how we communicate it, we allow the Lord to communicate through us. Who we are as witnesses to the light, as the voice for the Word, shapes how we live and explains why we live the way we do. The answer to the question, ‘Who are you?’ grounds the answer to the question, ‘Why do you do what you are doing?’ Advent is a good time to reclaim our fundamental identity, our Christ-linked identity. If Jesus is to be born anywhere today, it will be in the hearts of his followers.


[José Antonio Pagola]

For many, faith has become a problematic experience. They do not know exactly what has happened to them lately, but one thing is clear: they will no longer go back to believe what they believed in as children. Out of all that, only a few beliefs remain, and are all those are quite vague. All have set to constructing their own inner world, without being able to often avoid serious uncertainties and questions. Most people make their religious journey all alone and almost in secret. With whom are they going to speak about such things? There are no trusted guides or reference points. Each one does what they can about these questions that affect what’s deepest in a human being. Many do not know if what’s happening to them is normal or a problem.

Studies by Professor James Fowler of Atlanta on the development of faith can help many of us to better understand our own journey. They can also shed light on the stages that a person must follow in order to structure her ‘universe of meaning’. In the first stages of life, the child goes about accepting without reflection the beliefs and values that are proposed to him. His faith isn’t yet a personal decision. The child establishes what is true or false, good or bad, based on what was taught to him from outside. Later the individual accepts beliefs, practices and doctrines in a more thoughtful way, but always as they are defined by the group, tradition or religious authorities. It doesn’t occur to them to doubt anything seriously. Everything is still worthy of belief, everything is sure.

The crisis comes later. The individual becomes conscious that faith must be free and personal. Now she or he doesn’t feel obligated to believe unconditionally in what the Church teaches. Little by little they begin to play down certain things and select others. Their religious world is changing and even broken. Not everything responds to a desire for greater authenticity. Frivolity and inconsistencies also exist.

It can all stop there, but individuals can also keep deepening their inner universe. If they opens up sincerely to God and seek God in the depths of their being, a new faith can spring forth. God’s love, believed in and welcomed humbly, gives a deeper meaning to everything. The person knows an inner consistency that is more harmonious. Ongoing doubts are no obstacle to this. The individual now senses the ultimate value evoked by practices and symbols that were previously criticized. Communication with God is again awakened. The person lives in communion with everything that’s good in the world and feels himself called to love and protect life. The key thing is to always make a real place in ourselves for experiencing God. From there comes the importance of listening to the call of the prophet to “Prepare the way of the Lord” as referring to a way we must open in the intimacy of our heart.


Spiorad na seirbhíse áthasach

Tá léachtaí an lae inniú lán d’áthas agus de dhóchas. Is brídeóg lonnrach Iosrael atá ag teacht le haghaidh a fhir chéile chun pósadh leis, sa sean-slí bhainise uachtarach oirthearach. Leanann focail aspalda n. Phóil ar aghaidh leis an téama chéanna, an dóchas agus an áthas atá sáite i measg na Críostaí a chónaíonn in aice le Chríost. Léiríonn an Soiscéal spiorad Eoin Baiste, an finné mór le grásta agus solas Dé ar an domhan seo. Níl an-áthas sin lom, leisciúil, gan freagracht. Bíonn fíor-áthas le mhothú nuair a bhíonn daoine ag cóimhlíonadh a mhiséan ar an saol seo. Labhraíonn Isaiah faoi duine íontach a thugann dea-scéal do na bochta – abairt Bíoblach ar a ghlac Íosa chun cur síos a dhéanamh ar a ghairm féin – an spiorad gur cheart go mbeadh cuid de i saol gach Críostaí inniú. Ní mór dúinn atá aithne againn ar Íosa a spiorad a roinnt le daoine eile freisin.


  1. Very deep reflectin in who I am and what I am doing on earth. Great indeed. You opened my eyes
    To see reality and the fundamental questions differently. Sincere thanks fir this reflection.

  2. Pádraig McCarthy says:

    Isaiah: “The spirit of the Lord God is upon me, because the Lord has anointed me.”
    The first part of the reading is addressed to Jerusalem and her people. (The final two lines “and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all who mourn” are not in the Lectionary.
    How Jerusalem needs these words today!
    I too am anointed (christened) to bring the good news to the poor, the broken-hearted, the oppressed, the imprisoned. We are the Body of Christ in the world of today.
    The second half of the reading is the response of Jerusalem and her people. “as a garden causes what is sown in it to spring up, so the Lord God will cause righteousness and praise to spring up before all the nations.” Winter solstice is on Thursday, 22 Dec. From now until then we will lose about one minute between sunrise and sunset. But then, by Christmas Day, we regain that minute; by New Year we gain about 5 minutes; by 1 February we gain about 90 minutes! We are on the cusp of spring.
    “I will greatly rejoice in the Lord, my whole being shall exult in my God!”

    1 Thessalonians: “Be happy at all times!”
    We’re told sometimes that the shortest verse in the Bible is “Jesus wept” (John 11:35). That’s true for the King James (Authorised) Bible. But division into chapters and verses as we use nowadays didn’t happen for over 1000 years after New Testament times.
    In Greek, 1 Thessalonians 5:15 is shorter: “Rejoice always.” (Win a table quiz on that?!)
    In Hebrew, 1 Chronicles 1:1 is even shorter.
    “Do not quench the Spirit.” The lectionary has “Never try to suppress the Spirit.” I prefer “quench” – the Spirit is a living flame within us which can be blown to a great blaze: that same Spirit referred to in the first reading.
    “God has called you, and he will not fail you”: God is faithful. It’s God’s faithfulness we put our trust in.

    Gospel: John here is described four times as a witness. We too, who have been anointed with the Spirit, are sent as witnesses. We may be crying in a wilderness, but God is faithful. Perhaps it is in the wilderness more than in our church buildings or temples that we need to hear: “Make a straight way for the Lord.” Not a way for us to go to the Lord, but for the Lord to come into the wilderness of our lives.
    Your being here at Mass today, my being here, is being witness. To what, to whom am I witness?
    “Who are you?” Maybe it’s really, “Just who do you think you are, baptising people like this?” When we are witnesses, we too are challenged, perhaps belittled. But we do not fear to speak of and live our faith, in season and out of season.
    What is his creative word for Ireland today, and for Christmas, and for 2018?
    As we celebrate the birth of a child, child of a crisis pregnancy, a child who has changed the world more radically than any other human being, we keep in our hearts those who are expecting a child, those in crisis pregnancy, those charged with care of expectant mothers. Each of those children is as welcome, must be welcomed, as Jesus. Each of those mothers must be treasured, supported, in every way possible, so as to bring mother and child through the birth and to be a gift to the world: a gift of hope for coming generations.
    “There stands one among you, unknown to you.” Jesus is Emmanuel: God with us, all days until the end of days. Do I listen for his word to me in each person I encounter – including those who seem totally opposed to his message? Can I trust that others may even hear his word to them through me?
    The one who was coming after John is here among us. We are the living Body of Christ in today’s world.
    Rejoice in the Lord always! Again I say: Rejoice! Indeed the Lord is near. As near as the person closest to you. Not unknown.

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