19 Nov 2023 – 33rd Sunday, (A)

19 Nov 2023 – 33rd Sunday, (A)

Today’s gospel focuses on the kind of behaviour that will be tested in Final Judgment. We are here and now writing the book of evidence for that judgement on the value of lives. A key element is the use of the talents and opportunities God has given us

(1) Proverbs (31:10-13, etc

The ideally virtuous and industrious wife an Israelite husband hoped to find

A capable wife who can find? She is far more precious than jewels. The heart of her husband trusts in her, and he will have no lack of gain. She does him good, and not harm, all the days of her life. She seeks wool and flax, and works with willing hands. She is like the ships of the merchant, she brings her food from far away. She rises while it is still night and provides food for her household and tasks for her servant girls. She considers a field and buys it; with the fruit of her hands she plants a vineyard. She girds herself with strength, and makes her arms strong. She perceives that her merchandise is profitable. Her lamp does not go out at night. She puts her hands to the distaff, and her hands hold the spindle. She opens her hand to the poor, and reaches out her hands to the needy.

She is not afraid for her household when it snows, for all her household are clothed in crimson. She makes herself coverings; her clothing is fine linen and purple. Her husband is known in the city gates, taking his seat among the elders of the land. She makes linen garments and sells them; she supplies the merchant with sashes. Strength and dignity are her clothing, and she laughs a the time to come. She opens her mouth with wisdom, and the teaching of kindness is on her tongue. She looks well to the ways of her household, and does not eat the bread of idleness.

Her children rise up and call her happy; her husband too, and he praises her: “Many women have done excellently, but you surpass them all.” Charm is deceitful, and beauty is vain, but a woman who fears the Lord is to be praised. Give her a share in the fruit of her hands, and let her works praise her in the city gates.

Responsorial: Psalm 127:1-5

R./: Happy are those who fear the Lord

O blessed are those who fear the Lord
and walk in his ways!
By the labour of your hands you shall eat.
You will be happy and prosper. (R./)

Your wife like a fruitful vine
in the heart of your house;
your children like shoots of the olive,
around your table. (R./)

Indeed thus shall be blessed
the man who fears the Lord.
May the Lord bless you from Zion
in a happy Jerusalem
all the days of your life. (R./)

(2) 1 Thessalonians 5:1-6

Paul admits that he does not know when the second coming will take place. But be vigilant!

Concerning the times and the seasons, brothers and sisters, you do not need to have anything written to you. For you yourselves know very well that the day of the Lord will come like a thief in the night. When they say, “There is peace and security,” then sudden destruction will come upon them, as labour pains come upon a pregnant woman, and there will be no escape!

But you, beloved, are not in darkness, for that day to surprise you like a thief; for you are all children of light and children of the day; we are not of the night or of darkness. So then let us not fall asleep as others do, but let us keep awake and be sober.

Gospel: Matthew 25:14-30

The parable of the Talents is a challenge to use our gifts to achieve what God expects from us

Jesus told this parable to his disciples: “The kingdom of heaven is like a man who, before going on a journey, summoned his slaves and entrusted his property to them; to one he gave five talents, to another two, to another one, to each according to his ability. Then he went away. The one who had received the five talents went off at once and traded with them, and made five more talents. In the same way, the one who had the two talents made two more talents. But the one who had received the one talent went off and dug a hole in the ground and hid his master’s money.

After a long time the master of those slaves came and settled accounts with them. Then the one who had received the five talents came forward, bringing five more talents, saying, ‘Master, you handed over to me five talents; see, I have made five more talents.’ His master said to him, ‘Well done, good and trustworthy slave; you have been trustworthy in a few things, I will put you in charge of many things; enter into the joy of your master.’ And the one with the two talents also came forward, saying, ‘Master, you handed over to me two talents; see, I have made two more talents.’ His master said to him, ‘Well done, good and trustworthy slave; you have been trustworthy in a few things, I will put you in charge of many things; enter into the joy of your master.’ Then the one who had received the one talent also came forward, saying, ‘Master, I knew that you were a harsh man, reaping where you did not sow, and gathering where you did not scatter seed; so I was afraid, and I went and hid your talent in the ground. Here you have what is yours.’

But his master replied, ‘You wicked and lazy slave! You knew, did you, that I reap where I did not sow, and gather where I did not scatter? Then you ought to have invested my money with the bankers, and on my return I would have received what was my own with interest. So take the talent from him, and give it to the one with the ten talents. For to all those who have, more will be given, and they will have an abundance; but from those who have nothing, even what they have will be taken away. As for this worthless slave, throw him into the outer darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’”


Use them or lose them

At first sight, today’s parable seems to suggest that the third servant took a prudent course of action–“I heard you were a hard man, reaping where you have not sown.” The scribes and Pharisees, towards whom it was directed, would argue: God demands perfection; the Law expresses his will; only a scrupulous observance of the Law can give us security. But God’s way is different: He wants an abundant harvest. Jesus wants us to know that salvation come to those who are prepared to risk their all for him. A talent is given to bear fruit, not to lie there unused. It may seem prudent not to risk, but in the end it is not what God expects of us.

In proportion to one’s ability

We know from experience that different people have different abilities. A person with an ability to listen to others may not have the ability to be a good administrator. Someone who is well able to mend a leak or fix a washing machine may have little or no musical ability. An effective teacher may be a hopeless mechanic. We learn from experience whose good at what, and we relate to people accordingly. We tend to entrust people with tasks that are in proportion to their ability. We also learn from experience what our own abilities are, and what our limitations are, and we tend to take on tasks that correspond to our abilities and avoid tasks that do not.

The rich man in today’s parable was well aware of the abilities of his servants. Before he set out on his journey he entrusted his property “to each in proportion to his ability.” He knew what each of his three servants was able for, and he only gave as much responsibility to each of them as each could carry. The man who received five talents of money was capable of making five more; the one who received two talents was capable of making two more; the one who received one talent was capable of making one more. The first two servants worked according to their ability. The third servant did not, giving his master back the one talent he had been given, instead of the two talents he was capable of gaining. What held this servant back from working according to his ability was fear. “I was afraid, and I went off and hid your talent in the ground.”

Many of us may find ourselves having some sympathy for the third servant, because, deep down, we are only too well aware how fear can hold us back and prevent us from doing what we are well capable of doing. Fear can be a much more powerful force in the lives of some than others. There can be many reasons for this. Those who have experienced a lot of criticism growing up can be slow to take a risk and may develop a fearful approach to life. We are familiar with the Irish proverb, Mol an oige agus tiochfaid siad. Praise the young and they will make progress. The converse can also true. Criticize the young and they will be held back. Unfair criticism can stunt our growth and prevent us from reaching our God-given potential. We hide what we have been given in the ground. There it remains safe, but useless.

Jesus was only too well aware of the disabling power of fear in people’s lives. It is striking the number of times in the gospels he addresses people with the words, “Do not be afraid.” When Simon Peter fell down at Jesus’ knees saying, “Depart from me, Lord, for I am a sinful man,” Jesus replied to him, “Do not be afraid, from now on it is people you will catch.” When fear threatened to hold Peter back, Jesus called him forward into a new way of life. Jesus was present to people in ways that released them from their fear. In particular, he did not want fear of failure to hold people back. He could cope with failure in others. He knew that many people could learn from failure. There was little to be learned from staying put. There was much to be learnt from striking out, even if failure was experienced along the way.

The tragedy of the third servant in the parable today is that, out of fear, he hid what had been entrusted to him, even though he had the ability to use it well. We have each been graced in some way by the Lord for the service of others. If I hide what the Lord has given me, others are thereby deprived. Most of us need a bit of encouragement to place our gifts at the disposal of others. Part of our baptismal calling is to give others courage, to encourage others. A couple of verses beyond where today’s second reading ends, Paul writes: “Encourage one another and build up each other, as indeed you are doing.” In these difficult times for the church, the ministry of encouragement is all the more necessary. There is much to be learned from the mistakes of the past, but the Lord would not want us to go to ground. Now is not the time to hide our Good News in the ground out of fear. Rather, it is a time to encourage each other to share this treasure so that the church may become all that God is calling it to be.

Talented but..

The basic message of today’s Gospel is that we all have talents. Maybe not spectacular or dramatic like other people who get national or international acclaim; just ordinary, but nevertheless important. Experts say that the average person uses only a fraction of their talents. Here are three statements to think about:

1. “I weep that there are so many missed opportunities for comforting, so many smiles withheld, hands untouched, kind words unspoken.” (from Sheila Cassidy’s Sharing the Darkness)

2. “They also serve who only stand and wait.” (John Milton: On His Blindness **)

3. “Take the talent from him and give it to the one with five.” In other words “use it or lose it.” (Jesus)

One of the main reasons why people do not use their talents is because they have been belittled in the past. To belittle is to put someone down, to make them feel small, lessen their sense of self worth. There are many ways of demeaning another person: cynicism, sarcasm, non-appreciation, taking for granted. The antidote to belittle is to lift people up, to encourage them to value themselves. (homily notes from Mgr. John O’Connell)

On His Blindness

WHEN I consider how my light is spent
E’re half my days, in this dark world and wide,
And that one Talent which ’tis death to hide,
Lodg’d with me useless, though my soul more bent
To serve therewith my Maker, and present
My true account, least he returning chide,
“Doth God exact day-labour, light deny’d?”
I fondly ask. But patience to prevent
that murmur, soon replies, “God doth not need
Either man’s work or his own gifts. Who best
bear his mild yoke, they serve him best, his State
is Kingly. Thousands at his bidding speed
and post o’er Land and Ocean without rest.
They also serve who only stand and wait.”

One Comment

  1. Thara Benedicta says:

    Key Message:

    What are we doing with our gifts?


    There is a family where the wife takes care of the earning part and the husband takes care of the household activities. The wife says, “At the time of our marriage both of us had jobs. As time went on, my husband was not able to survive in any job. Everywhere he went, he was humiliated, tortured and finally sacked. Though he is not very intelligent, he is a compassionate, caring, humble and a good natured person. God makes the best plan for everyone, and we came to a realisation that His plan is for me to work outside and for him to work inside. He makes the best dishes in the world. So I do not feel like going to any restaurant. Now we both are happy and able to experience peace and joy which we have not experienced earlier”.

    The lady in the above testimony resembles the first man to whom the master gave 5 talents. Her husband looks like the second man to whom the master gave 2 talents. They both needed some time to recognise their individual talents and make use of it accordingly. We see that the husband was neither jealous of his wife’s success in her career nor feeling inferior that he was not able to earn. He is contributing whatever he can do. Similarly, the wife is not proud that she alone earns for her family. They are able to understand each one’s gifts and strategise their lives accordingly.

    Both in last week’s Gospel reading (The Parable of the Ten Virgins) and this week’s Gospel reading (The Parable of the Talents), the master comes after a long long time. So God is giving us our entire lifetime to learn and live according to His teachings. The master distributed the money to the slaves according to their capabilities. I feel God does the same. Though we pray for an increase in wealth, our Lord Jesus provides only as much we can handle and still be focussed on Him. Even though we do not have a lot of money, if we keep God as our first focus, then we will turn out to be happy persons. There is a saying, “If you are not able to be happy with what you have, you will not be able to be happy with what you will receive”.

    When our Lord Jesus blesses us with gifts, He also blesses us with responsibilities to make use of them. Each gift comes with an attached responsibility. The more the gifts the greater the responsibilities. All the healing gifts of St. Paul were used for others. He was even able to raise a dead man back to life. But he was still suffering with what he calls ‘the thorn in my flesh’. The healing gifts that were in him and also surrounded him were not able to cure him. They were also not able to cure the wounds on his body caused by the lashes. He was blessed with the gift of healing for curing others only.

    If we realise that our gifts are making us proud, then we need to remind ourselves that God has blessed us with these gifts solely for others. We try to be happy in so many ways, by visiting parks, entertainment places, and watching movies. But if we channel our energy towards helping others at the same time, we will feel a lifetime of satisfaction. A senior executive said, “For the annual recreation of my employees, instead of sponsoring a whole day fun event, I sponsored a visit to orphanages. I could see both happiness and satisfaction in my employees more than a day’s trip to a fun place”.

    In the Parable of the Talents the third man had the fear of losing and so became lazy. Fear is one of the devil’s tricks to make us useless and lazy. The devil is able to make people far away from God by making them lazy. If we sin, then we ask for forgiveness from our Lord Jesus Christ at least once a week (during our Sunday Masses), who faithfully washes all our sins away with His Royal Holy Blood. So we can be with our Lord Jesus happily again. But if we are lazy, what can our Lord Jesus do? God our Father says, “Either be hot or cold. If you are lukewarm, I will spit you out of my mouth”. Our Lord Jesus Christ calls the third man in today’s Gospel reading, “wicked”. He did not run away with the master’s money. He gave back all he had received from the master. But for that the master does not require a servant. The money could have been safely with the master itself. The master wants the servant to work for him.

    Both God our loving Father and our Lord Jesus Christ scold us when we are lazy. Because there is nothing that God can do when we are lazy. Only we have to realise and start working. God hates laziness. It is okay to fail, but it is not ok to be lazy. Only if we work then God can appreciate our work and bless us abundantly. The first man got the third man’s talent also, because at least if it is with the first man he will realise the additional responsibility that comes with this gift and make use of it.

    Sometimes we feel inferior when we are not able to do what someone else is able to do. But God does not ask us to do what someone else is able to do. He expects us to do only what He has assigned for us to do and blesses us with gifts accordingly.

    It is a custom nowadays to watch movies when people do not know what to do. People are watching entertainment channels just to kill time. They can have a regular talk time, family prayer time, help those who are poor, visit people who are sick and needy, invite lonely people to home, give courage and encouragement to the suffering, learn music and join a church choir, pray the Divine Mercy Chaplet for the whole world – the most useful one. Time is the best talent our God has provided us. Let us use it like the first and the second man and be blessed to hear the words from our Lord Jesus Christ during in our final moment, “Enter into the joy of your master”.

    Our Lord Jesus Christ appreciates hard work but hates laziness.

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