22 August. The Queenship of Mary
1st Reading: Isaiah (9:1-6)
God’s promise of joy and restoration to those who sat in darkness
There will be no gloom for those who were in anguish. In the former time he brought into contempt the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, but in the latter time he will make glorious the way, the sea, the land beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the nations. The people who walked in darkness have seen a great light; those who lived in a land of deep darkness, on them light has shined. You have multiplied the nation, you have increased its joy; they rejoice before you as with joy at the harvest, as people exult when dividing plunder. For the yoke of their burden, and the bar across their shoulders, the rod of their oppressor, you have broken as on the day, Midian. For all the boots of the tramping warriors and all the garments rolled in blood shall be burned as fuel for the fire. For a child has been born for us, a son given to us; authority rests upon his shoulders; and he is named Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
Responsorial (Ps 112)
R./: Blessed be the name of the Lord for ever
Praise, O servants of the Lord,
praise the name of the Lord!
May the name of the Lord be blessed
both now and for evermore! (R./)
From the rising of the sun to its setting
praised be the name of the Lord!
High above all nations is the Lord,
above the heavens his glory. (R./)
Who is like the Lord, our God,
who has risen on high to his throne
yet stoops from the heights to look down,
to look down upon heaven and earth! (R./)
From the dust he lifts up the lowly,
from the dungheap he raises the poor
to set him in the company of princes,
yes, with the princes of his people.
Gospel: Luke (1:26-38)
The Annunciation: God’s Spirit will transform Mary’s life
In the sixth month the angel Gabriel as sent by God to a town in Galilee called Nazareth, to a virgin engaged to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. The virgin’s name was Mary. And he came to her and said, “Greetings, favored one! The Lord is with you. ”
She was much perplexed by his words and pondered what sort of greeting this might be. The angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. And now, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you will name him Jesus. He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High, and the Lord God will give to him the throne of his ancestor David. He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom there will be no end.”
Mary said to the angel, “How can this be, since I am a virgin?” The angel said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be holy; he will be called Son of God. And now, your relative Elizabeth in her old age has also conceived a son; and this is the sixth month for her who was said to be barren. For nothing will be impossible with God. ” Then Mary said, “Here am I, the servant of the Lord; let it be with me according to your word. ” Then the angel departed from her.
Queen of Heaven
Our Church has a long tradition of honouring Mary alongside Jesus, her son. As early as the fourth century Saint Ephrem used the term “Queen” in praise of Mary, and later church usage continues applying this title to her. Marian Hymns of the 11th to 13th centuries have phrases like “Hail, Holy Queen” and “Hail, Queen of Heaven.” The fifth decade of the rosary as well as numerous invocations in the litany of Loreto celebrate her queenship. The bishops at Vatican II urged us to persevere in prayer to the Mother of God and Mother of mankind. “Let them implore her that as she helped the beginnings of the Church by her prayers she may now, exalted above all the saints and angels in heaven, intercede with her Son in the fellowship of all the saints.” (Constitution on the Church, 69).
When Pius XII proclaimed this feast in 1954 he pointed out that Mary deserves the title “Queen” as the Mother of God, for three reasons:
1. her close association with Jesus’ redemptive work;
2. her preeminent perfection of holiness and
3. her intercessory power on our behalf.
The themes for the feast are drawn from Holy Scripture, when the angel announced that Mary’s Son would receive the throne of David and would rule forever . At the Visitation, Elizabeth calls Mary “mother of my Lord.” In her whole life, Mary was closely associated with Jesus, so that in popular devotion her queenship is a share in his kingship. We may note how in the Old Testament the mother of the king has great influence in court life, as when Batsheba secured the kingship for her son, Solomon.
The feast is linked to that of the Assumption and is now celebrated on the octave day, that feast. As Jesus was to be king of all creation, Mary, in faithful dependence on Jesus, was to be its queen. As Jesus was king by serving his Father and by compassion to others, so is Mary a queen as the handmaid of the Lord and the mother of mercy.
The Queenship of Mary
As early as the Middle Ages Mary, the mother of Jesus, was honoured as Queen of angels and saints. Then, at the close of the Marian Year of 1955, Pope Pius XII set up the Queenship of Mary as a feast of the universal church. The feast was dated on August 22, to stress its connection with the feast of the Assumption, exactly a week earlier. Today’s Gospel suggests that if Mary now reigns with her Son in heaven, it is because she gave herself over to God’s purpose for her earthly life, as did Jesus her Son.
There are many “vocational stories” in the gospels and in the bible as a whole. Today’s Gospel highlights the call of Mary, and her three successive responses to God’s approach to her. Initially, she was disturbed at being called God’s favoured one, who would conceive and bear a son. Then she questioned how this promise would come about, and finally she surrendered completely to what God was asking of her, “Let what you have said be done to me.”
The story suggests Mary’s struggle for discernment before reaching her famous response, which came to be so vital for the salvation of our human race. It is normal to experience uncertainty in our relationship with God, in our efforts to discern the Lord’s call. Just as Mary’s response of total surrender to God’s prompting did not come easy to her, we too have to discern the right way to go. But in our efforts to live in harmony with God’s purposes, we have the assurance of Gabriel’s words to Mary, “Nothing is impossible to God.” Likewise we can take to heart the words of Saint Paul, “By the grace of God I am what I am. His grace toward me has not been in vain” (1 Cor 15:10).