22 August. Wednesday of Week Twenty

Ezek 34:1ff. Bad shepherds neglect the sheep and care only for themselves.

Matthew 20:1ff. Parable of the boss who pays the same wage to the first as to the last.

Defender of the Weak

The allegory of Ezekiel helps us to look at some details in our style of leadership. Every adult acquires some type of influence over others, be it as parent over home and children, as priest or parish team over parishioners, seniority in one’s place of employment, elected positions in civil administration, those who hire people for occasional work in the home or office, even each of us in our attitude toward the persons delivering our mail or daily paper, those who collect garbage, and hosts of others who touch our lives in various ways. Each line of Ezekiel’s allegory puts a serious question to us. Do we use our influence for our own benefit only, by lording it over others ? by being dominant or arrogant, indifferent to what happens in their daily lives? These questions are put to us very seriously. Unless we change our ways, God swears, “I am coming against those shepherds. I will claim my sheep from them and stop them from shepherding my sheep.”

When Jesus spoke about God’s profound mercy, of course he used Semitic imagery and hyperbole. Therefore, in the parable of the vineyard workers it is entirely irrelevant to discuss the social justice (or injustice) of the estate-owner, who was paying only a denarius, the minimal wage for those who worked all day but more than fair for those who worked only an hour in the cool of the evening. The punch-line declares that new arrivals are equal to those who have been around a long time. Jesus may have been defending his disciples, newly arrived on the religious scene, against the Pharisees, Sadducees and Scribes whose leadership had been long accepted. The early church reinterpreted the parable, to mean that gentiles are equal to Jews in the kingdom of God. Today the parable may put in question our ability to recognize new leadership from the ranks of the laity, including the women, or to give proper credit to the young generation, to transfer the mantle of authority, to accept change within the forms of civil or religious authority.

First Reading: Ezekiel 34:1-11

The word of the Lord came to me: Mortal, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel: prophesy, and say to them – to the shepherds: Thus says the Lord God: Ah, you shepherds of Israel who have been feeding yourselves! Should not shepherds feed the sheep? You eat the fat, you clothe yourselves with the wool, you slaughter the fatlings; but you do not feed the sheep.You have not strengthened the weak, you have not healed the sick, you have not bound up the injured, you have not brought back the strayed, you have not sought the lost, but with force and harshness you have ruled them.So they were scattered, because there was no shepherd; and scattered, they became food for all the wild animals.My sheep were scattered, they wandered over all the mountains and on every high hill; my sheep were scattered over all the face of the earth, with no one to search or seek for them.

Therefore, you shepherds, hear the word of the Lord: As I live, says the Lord God, because my sheep have become a prey, and my sheep have become food for all the wild animals, since there was no shepherd; and because my shepherds have not searched for my sheep, but the shepherds have fed themselves, and have not fed my sheep. Oh you shepherds, hear the word of the Lord: Thus says the Lord God, I am against the shepherds; and I will demand my sheep at their hand, and put a stop to their feeding the sheep; no longer shall the shepherds feed themselves. I will rescue my sheep from their mouths, so that they may not be food for them. For thus says the Lord God: I myself will search for my sheep, and will seek them out.

Gospel: Matthew 20:1-16

“For the kingdom of heaven is like a landowner who went out early in the morning to hire labourers for his vineyard. After agreeing with the labourers for the usual daily wage, he sent them into his vineyard. When he went out about nine o’clock, he saw others standing idle in the marketplace; and he said to them, ‘You also go into the vineyard, and I will pay you whatever is right.’ So they went. When he went out again about noon and about three o’clock, he did the same. And about five o’clock he went out and found others standing around; and he said to them, ‘Why are you standing here idle all day?’ They said to him, ‘Because no one has hired us.’ He said to them, ‘You also go into the vineyard.’ When evening came, the owner of the vineyard said to his manager, ‘Call the labourers and give them their pay, beginning with the last and then going to the first.’ When those hired about five o’clock came, each of them received the usual daily wage. Now when the first came they thought they would receive more; but each of them also received the usual daily wage. And when they received it, they grumbled against the landowner, saying, ‘These last worked only one hour, and you have made them equal to us who have borne the burden of the day and the scorching heat.’ But he replied to one of them, ‘Friend, I am doing you no wrong; did you not agree with me for the usual daily wage? Take what belongs to you and go; I choose to give to this last the same as I give to you. Am I not allowed to do what I choose with what belongs to me? Or are you envious because I am generous?’ So the last will be first, and the first will be last.”

One Comment

  1. Spot on Ezekiel. Even today. Reminds me of Hosea 4. How the ‘people are perishing for lack of knowledge…. ”

    Hosea 4
    New International Version (NIV)
    The Charge Against Israel

    4 Hear the word of the Lord, you Israelites,
    because the Lord has a charge to bring
    against you who live in the land:
    “There is no faithfulness, no love,
    no acknowledgment of God in the land.
    2 There is only cursing,[a] lying and murder,
    stealing and adultery;
    they break all bounds,
    and bloodshed follows bloodshed.
    3 Because of this the land dries up,
    and all who live in it waste away;
    the beasts of the field, the birds in the sky
    and the fish in the sea are swept away.
    4 “But let no one bring a charge,
    let no one accuse another,
    for your people are like those
    who bring charges against a priest.
    5 You stumble day and night,
    and the prophets stumble with you.
    So I will destroy your mother —
    6 my people are destroyed from lack of knowledge.
    “Because you have rejected knowledge,
    I also reject you as my priests;
    because you have ignored the law of your God,
    I also will ignore your children.
    7 The more priests there were,
    the more they sinned against me;
    they exchanged their glorious God[b] for something disgraceful.
    8 They feed on the sins of my people
    and relish their wickedness.
    9 And it will be: Like people, like priests.
    I will punish both of them for their ways
    and repay them for their deeds.
    10 “They will eat but not have enough;
    they will engage in prostitution but not flourish,
    because they have deserted the Lord
    to give themselves 11 to prostitution;
    old wine and new wine
    take away their understanding.
    12 My people consult a wooden idol,
    and a diviner’s rod speaks to them.
    A spirit of prostitution leads them astray;
    they are unfaithful to their God.
    13 They sacrifice on the mountaintops
    and burn offerings on the hills,
    under oak, poplar and terebinth,
    where the shade is pleasant.
    Therefore your daughters turn to prostitution
    and your daughters-in-law to adultery.
    14 “I will not punish your daughters
    when they turn to prostitution,
    nor your daughters-in-law
    when they commit adultery,
    because the men themselves consort with harlots
    and sacrifice with shrine prostitutes —
    a people without understanding will come to ruin!
    15 “Though you, Israel, commit adultery,
    do not let Judah become guilty.
    “Do not go to Gilgal;
    do not go up to Beth Aven.[c]
    And do not swear, ‘As surely as the Lord lives!’
    16 The Israelites are stubborn,
    like a stubborn heifer.
    How then can the Lord pasture them
    like lambs in a meadow?
    17 Ephraim is joined to idols;
    leave him alone!
    18 Even when their drinks are gone,
    they continue their prostitution;
    their rulers dearly love shameful ways.
    19 A whirlwind will sweep them away,
    and their sacrifices will bring them shame.

    I don’t see these as doom and gloom – rather predictions, for want of a better word of a ‘new age’ – the Phoenix, “Glorious God” rising from the ashes of hypocrisy. God is not mocked.

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